Baku, one of the most alluring and cosmopolitan cities in the world is located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia; its name meaning “city of winds” or “city on the hill”. The city is a large scientific, cultural and industrial centre. Ancient foundations, its large area and population all make Baku one of the oldest and largest cities in the East. Baku is situated on the shore of the Caspian Sea in the south of the Absheron peninsula. Baku perfectly combines the beauty and intrigue of its ancient past with its ambition to establish itself as a modern European city featuring award winning architecture, business centres and skyscrapers.
Being the largest cultural centre in the country, Baku is the city in which the first national theatre, in the Muslim East, lifted the curtain; the first opera was performed; the country's first newspaper was published as well as it being the city where Azerbaijan's first library was opened. Baku is home to the most beautiful and extraordinarily decorative buildings; its museums, theatres, opera house, cinemas and libraries.
Baku is also an industrial hub, famous for the unique Neft Dashlari (Oil Rocks) in the middle of the Caspian Sea, which is the largest inhabited and oldest offshore oil city in the world. It has a high concentration of ancient oil fields, well-known oil stones, unique deep water plant foundations, high-capacity derrick barges and modern drilling floating units.